The term sexually transmitted disease STD is used to refer to a condition passed from one person to another through sexual contact. Depending on the specific STD, infections may also be transmitted through sharing needles and breastfeeding.
But some STDs cause obvious symptoms. In men, common symptoms include:.
Specific symptoms can vary, depending on the STD. Learn more about the symptoms of STDs in
Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans. When they do, common STD symptoms Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans women include:. The specific symptoms can vary from one STD to another.
Many different types of infections can be transmitted sexually. The most common STDs are described below. A certain type of bacteria causes chlamydia. Many people with chlamydia have no noticeable symptoms. When symptoms do develop, they often include:. If a pregnant woman has untreated chlamydia, Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans can pass it to her baby during birth. The baby may develop:. Antibiotics can easily treat chlamydia.
Read more about chlamydia, including how to prevent, recognize, and treat it. Human papillomavirus HPV is a virus that can be passed from one person to another through intimate skin-to-skin or sexual contact. There are many different strains of the virus. Some are more dangerous than others. These two strains of HPV account for 70 percent of all cervical cancer cases.
However, HPV infections often clear up on their own. If you contract HPV, proper testing and screenings can help your doctor assess and manage your risk of complications. Discover the steps you can take to protect yourself against HPV and its potential complications. The first symptom to appear is a small round sore, known as a chancre.
It can develop on your genitals, anus, or mouth. Fortunately, if caught early enough, syphilis is easily treated with antibiotics. However, syphilis infection in a newborn can be fatal. The earlier syphilis is diagnosed and treated, the less damage it does. Find the information you need to recognize syphilis and stop it in its tracks. HIV can damage the immune system and raise the risk of contracting other viruses or bacteria and certain cancers.
For example, the early symptoms can include:. These initial symptoms typically clear within a month or so. From that point onward, a person can carry HIV without developing serious or persistent symptoms for many years. Other people may develop nonspecific symptoms, such as:.
Proper treatment can also lower your chances of transmitting HIV to a sexual partner. In fact, treatment can potentially lower the amount of HIV in your body to undetectable levels. To promote early diagnosis and treatment, the CDC recommends that everyone between the ages of 13 and 64 be tested at least once. Free and confidential testing can be found in all major cities and many public health clinics. A government tool for finding local testing services is available here. Get the facts you need to protect yourself or your partner from HIV.
When that happens, gonorrhea can cause serious health problems in the baby. Gonorrhea can usually be treated with antibiotics. Learn more about the symptoms, treatment options, and long-term outlook for people with gonorrhea. Like head lice and body lice, they feed on human blood.
Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans also be able to see the lice or their tiny white eggs around the roots of pubic hair. A magnifying glass can help you spot them. If left untreated, pubic lice can spread to other people through skin-to-skin contact or shared clothing, bedding, or towels. Scratched bites can also become infected. If you have pubic lice, you can use over-the-counter topical treatments and tweezers to remove them from your body.
According to the CDCless than one-third of people with trich develop symptoms. When symptoms do develop, they may include:. Trich can be treated with antibiotics. Learn how to recognize trich early to get treatment sooner. Herpes is the shortened name for the herpes simplex virus HSV. Both can be transmitted sexually. HSV-1 primarily causes oral herpes, which is responsible for cold sores.
When this happens, HSV-1 can cause genital herpes. The most common symptom of herpes is blistery sores. In the case of genital herpes, these sores develop on or around the genitals. In oral herpes, they develop on or around the mouth.
Herpes sores generally crust over and heal within a few weeks. The first outbreak is usually the most painful. Outbreaks typically become less painful and frequent over time. If a pregnant woman has herpes, she can potentially pass it to her fetus in the womb or to her newborn infant during childbirth.
This so-called congenital herpes can be very dangerous to newborns. But medications are available to help control outbreaks and alleviate the pain of herpes sores. The same medications can also lower your chances of passing herpes to your sexual partner. Effective treatment and safe sexual practices can help Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans lead a comfortable life with herpes and protect others from the virus. Get the information you need to prevent, recognize, and manage herpes.
When they do cause symptoms, they often include a sore throat or sores around the mouth or throat. Learn more about the potential symptoms and treatment options for oral STDs. Many STDs are curable.
For example, the following STDs can be cured with antibiotics or other treatments:.
Treatment options are often available to help alleviate symptoms and lower your chances of transmitting the STD to someone else. Take a moment to learn more about curable and incurable STDs. In newborns, STDs can cause complications. In some cases, they can be life-threatening.
If you test positive for one or more STDs while pregnant, your doctor might prescribe antibiotics, antiviral medications, or other treatments. In some cases, they might encourage you to give birth via a cesarean delivery to lower the risk of transmission during childbirth.
But even symptom-free STDs can cause damage or be passed to other people. Healthcare providers can diagnose most STDs using a urine or blood test. They may also take a swab of your genitals. Home testing kits are also available for some STDs, but they may not always be reliable. Use them with caution. Check to see if the U. Food and Drug Administration has approved the testing kit before buying it. A Pap smear checks for the presence of precancerous cells on the cervix.
Some people may benefit from more frequent testing than others. Find out if you should be tested for STDs and what the tests involve. Otherwise, you can pass an infection back and forth between you. Continue taking them even if you feel better before you finish taking all of them. While most viral infections have no cure, some can clear on their own.
And in many cases, treatment options are available to relieve symptoms and reduce the risk of transmission. For example, medications are available to reduce the frequency and severity herpes outbreaks.
Likewise, treatment can help stop the progression of HIV. Furthermore, antiviral drugs can lower your risk of transmitting HIV to someone else. Some STDs are caused by neither viruses nor bacteria. These STDs are usually treatable Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans oral or topical medications. HPV (Human Papillomavirus); Chlamydia; Gonorrhea; Syphilis; Herpes Sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria in humans, all of these common STDs can be treated, and most can be cured.
Chlamydia is caused by bacteria, so it's treated with antibiotics. A sexually transmitted disease (STD) is any disease that is spread primarily However, the reason chlamydia is one of the most common STDs is that most people who get T. pallidum is the bacterium that causes syphilis. In many cases, STDs don't cause noticeable symptoms. When they do, common A certain type of bacteria causes chlamydia.
It's the most At undetectable levels, HIV can't be transmitted to other people, reports the CDC.